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Singapore (official name: Republic of Singapore) is an island country off the southern tip of the Malay Peninsula, 137 kilometers (85 mi) north of the equator in Southeast Asia. The country is separated from Malaysia by the Johor Strait to the north, and from the Riau Islands, Indonesia by the Singapore Strait to the south. Singapore is the world's third largest financial center [4] and a cosmopolitan world city that plays an important role in international trade and finance. The Port of Singapore is one of the five busiest ports in the world.

Singapore has a long history of immigration. Its diverse population of 5 million people, consisting of Chinese, Malay, Indian, various Asian descent, and Caucasian. 42% of Singaporeans are foreigners who work and study there. Foreign workers make up 50% of the services sector. This country is the second most densely populated in the world after Monaco. A.T. Kearney described Singapore as the world's most globalized country in the 2006 Globalization Index.

Before independence in 1965, Singapore was a diverse trading port with a GDP per capita of $ 511, the third highest in East Asia at the time. After independence, foreign direct investment and government efforts for industrialization were based on former Deputy Prime Minister Dr. Ir. Goh Keng Swee established Singapore's current economy.

The Economist Intelligence Unit in the "Quality of Life Index" places Singapore on the ranking of one of the best quality of life in Asia and the eleventh in the world. Singapore has the ninth largest foreign exchange reserve in the world. The country also has an advanced armed forces.

After its GDP decreased by -6.8% in the 4th quarter of 2009, Singapore earned the title of the fastest growing economy in the world, with a 17.9% GDP growth in the first half of 2010.